How You Can Work to Increase the Presence and Improve the Experience of Black, Latinx, and Native American People in the Economics Profession

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Bayer, A., Hoover, G.A. and Washington, E., 2020. How you can work to increase the presence and improve the experience of Black, Latinx, and Native American people in the economics profession. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 34(3), pp.193-219.


To set out ways the economics profession can increase diversity, using the responses by economists and potential economists on top hindrances as a guide


Current efforts have not succeeded in increasing diversity. If we want a more diverse profession (and research shows diversity has broad benefits in addition to fairness). We, including non-minority economists, must to more


Black, Latinx, & Native American people earned only 9.5% of economics Ph.D.s granted in the U.S. in 2017

Data & Key Variables

Collected data - Survey & Interview. 75 survey respondents

Disrupted = started on the economics pathway, then left economics, including those that started in academia and left, but stated in economics

42 interviews, with a focus on disrupted respondents and those with intriguing and unique answers to open ended survey question "What is the most important thing we should know about what helps and hurts minorities' progress in an economics career?"


Top 3 hindrances mentioned: lack of mentoring, lack of good information, implicit bias

Disrupted respondents also frequently mentioned lack of funding, departmental policies/actions, and the hostile culture

Non-disrupted also mention teaching & mentoring as top hinderances